The section about arguing first talks about how we are surrounded by arguments in our daily lives and the reasons for arguing. For example, to persuade others or influence others to think differently; the possibilities are endless. This passage is very helpful in explaining the process of arguing. Here are some examples of how well the process is presented to the reader:
To argue logically one must first have a focused claim that is appropriately qualified then it can be turned into the essays thesis statement. “Your opinion or question should lead you to an arguable claim, however, one that could be challenged by another thoughtful person” (NFGW pg. 356). First, make sure your claim is focused on making sure the claim is reasonable and informed (someone should be able to challenge your claim). If your claim is not arguable you most likely will need to change it. Qualifying a claim means that you are reasonable because you are accounting for specific circumstances and eliminated, etc.
Would you believe everything that people tell you? I don’t think so. I’ve probably have been questioning if given information is correct. “Your claim must be supported by reasons that your audience will accept” (NFGW pg. 358). The reader will most likely be skeptical about your claim and will question your claim, so you have to support your claims with reasons. A good way to do is to sort of pretend like the paper has already been written and then question your claim with a “why” and then give your reason.
This section of the article explains the importance of supporting your reasons with different types of evidence and all of those evidence types. “Evidence of support your reasons can come from various sources. In fact, you need to use several kinds of evidence to persuade your audience that your claim is true” (NFWG pg. 359). One of many types of evidence you can use is Facts, Statistics, Examples, Authorities, Anecdotes, Scenarios, Case studies and observations, Textual evidence, and Visuals. Throughout the passage, each type of evidence is clearly explained and how to use it. The evidence type that you end up choosing is based on your Rhetorical situation.
Building common ground:
For your claim to be convincing there needs to be common ground between you and the audience. “One important element of gaining readers’ trust is to identify some common ground, some values you and your audience share” (NFGW pg. 367). For example, try to talk about a story that some audience members will find relatable.
Incorporating other viewpoints:
Everyone has a different view of the world so there will be arguments against your claim, you need to make your counter-arguments. To show that you have carefully considered the viewpoints of others… you should incorporate those viewpoints into your argument…” (NFGW pg. 368) In order to incorporate other viewpoints, you need to Acknowledge other viewpoints, Accommodate those viewpoints, and Refute the viewpoints. These points are further explained in detail and order.
Overall, the article is extremely helpful in teaching a reader how to argue within their papers. It starts from the beginning, how to create a thesis, how to support your claim with reasons and how to support your reasons with evidence. Convincing the audience you’re credible, appealing the reader’s emotions and checking for fallacies within your writing. Arguing is made almost “easy” because the article explains every detail down to the facts.